Both sociopathy and psychopathy are antisocial personality disorders. Psychopaths have no conscience. Sociopaths do have a conscience, but they see it more as something that gets in their way rather than something that helps them. Sociopaths are highly charismatic and charming, but they tend to be unstable and unprincipled.
The term “sociopath” is often used interchangeably with the word “psychopath”. They share similar symptoms and characteristics, however, there are some differences between the two disorders.
A psychopath is a person who suffers from a mental disorder that makes them incapable of feeling guilt, remorse, or any sense of duty to others. Psychopaths have no conscience and can’t tell right from wrong.
A sociopath is a person who also has antisocial personality disorder. While often times used interchangeably, there are distinct differences between the disorders. A sociopath is defined by a disregard for social mores, rules and laws. Sociopaths often have very high IQ’s and tend to be very charismatic and charming. While psychopaths generally don’t feel anything for anyone, sociopaths still feel love and happiness but are unable to empathize with others making it difficult to connect emotionally with others.
The differences between the two disorders lie in the way in which they were raised as well as how they relate to society at large. A sociopath has experienced trauma or abuse during their childhood which leads to their behavior while a psychopath is generally born with a defective sense of conscience in part due to genetics.
Largely unchecked by moral conscience, some experts think sociopathy and psychopathy are the same and group them together under the diagnostic term? Antisocial personality, Disorder or APD, while others argue that there are significant differences between the two mental disorders, We will examine some of these differences. In this episode of The Infographics Show “Sociopath vs. Psychopath.” The outward behavior that sociopaths and psychopaths Display can be as different as night and day.
Sociopaths are more impulsive and irresponsible than psychopaths. As psychologist, Scott Bonn notes, sociopaths tend to “live on the fringes of society”. They often can’t hold down a job for long and can’t settle down in one place, They may travel extensively, but they are not sightseers. If they can’t find legitimate work to Pay for whatever they need, they may do shady things like lie, cheat and steal from people.
Along the way, renowned con man, Charles Ponzi, lived in this manner. Ponzi immigrated from Italy to America in 1903. He supposedly said “I landed in this country with $ 2.50 in cash and $ 1 million in hopes and those hopes, never left me.” According to the New England Historical Society, $ 2.50 was all that he had left after “having gambled and drunk away”, most of the $ 200 he had with him, while on board the ship taking him to America.
After arriving in Boston he spent several Years, “working odd jobs in the Northeast.” Described by one article as an “alleged Sociopath ” he led a “life of lies” that “was all about tricking rich people into investing in sham corporations.” His international reply coupon scheme was the one where he used money from investors to pay other investors. A form of fraud that became known as the Ponzi scheme according to a biography.
Com Ponzi spent 14 Years in prison for this crime. He was deported to Italy after being released. From prison and ended up dying in Rio de Janeiro in 1949, In contrast, psychopaths have more self-control. And are more calculating than sociopaths They blend into society more effectively than Sociopaths because, as Bonn points out, they are “often well educated and hold steady Jobs.”, Not all psychopaths, are violent or a threat.
To society and some manage to blog their need to control others into gainful employment. They gravitate toward positions of authority. And jobs requiring objective analysis and decision-making According to a Time article. Some professions, With the most psychopaths include CEOs lawyers, surgeons and police officers, Oddly enough chefs and salespeople also made The list Sociopaths have a slight edge over psychopaths When it comes to establishing meaningful relationships, According to Bonn, “it is difficult, but Not impossible for sociopaths to form attachments with others.
”. They are “capable of empathy in certain Limited circumstances, but not in others” and “with. A few individuals but not others.”. Gary Ridgway is a good example of the sociopath’s “Limited” ability to feel empathy and form emotional attachments Between 1982 and 2001. He “murdered at least 49, women in Washington state ” according to biography.Com One article reports that his victims were Prostitutes and young runaways After killing them Ridgway “often, returned To his dumping grounds to have sex with his victims’ corpses.
”, He also dumped some of their bodies in the Green River, which earned him the name of the Green River Killer, While Ridgway committed four of these horrible Crimes he was married to his third wife Judith Ridgway, Although he targeted prostitutes because of His “hate” for them he loved his wife and had a good relationship with her In an interview six years after her husband, Went to prison, Judith Ridgway still had trouble, believing that her husband was a serial killer.
She described their life together as “loving” And “content.” She said “He made me feel like a newlywed Every day.”, However, she had to face the truth about what Her husband had done after she and the police discovered evidence linking him to some of The murdered prostitutes She divorced Gary Ridgway after 16 years of Marriage and has no contact with him today. She told the interviewer “I loved the man I knew, and I hate the man who took him away.
”. In contrast, psychopaths are “unable to Form emotional attachments or feel real empathy with others”. According to Bonn, Emotions are foreign to them. They know they should be feeling something. But they don’t feel anything In his 1941 book called The Mask of Sanity. A psychiatrist named Hervey Cleckley, provided some insight into the mind of the psychopath When he wrote that “Beauty and ugliness, except in a very superficial sense, goodness Evil love, horror and humor have no actual meaning no power to move him.
”. This makes psychopaths capable of hurting Others without any guilt or remorse, Bonn states that psychopathy is the “most Dangerous of all antisocial behaviors”, because psychopaths can “dissociate emotionally From their actions, regardless of how terrible those actions may be.” Psychopaths try to compensate for this impairment, By being what a WebMD article calls “skilled actors.”, They are charming and persuasive, and they Are capable of faking emotions? They can’t feel Notorious cult leader Jim Jones revealed his Psychopathic mission to play whatever role was necessary to win trust and manipulate Others, when he said “What you need to believe in is what you can see.
If you see me, As your friend I’ll, be your friend, If you see me as your father I’ll, be your Father for those of you that don’t have a father, If you see me as your savior I’Ll, be your savior. If you see me as your God I’ll, be your God.”, A skilled orator Jones, combined, idealistic Rhetoric and overt and subtle coercion to condition his followers to commit suicide. By drinking a Kool-Aid type, drink laced with cyanide and Valium upon his command, according To biography.
Com Another way, psychopaths attempt to relate To others is to create a veneer of social respectability to hide their dark side and Any sinister behavior resulting from it. This is an especially common strategy of psychopathic Serial killers, like John Wayne Gacy, A summary of his court case, noted his “double Life” “Evidence showed that the defendant led A double life engaging in charitable and political activities.
At the same time, he was Committing a series of sadistic torture murders, He enticed many young men to his home for Homosexual liaisons tying or handcuffing his partners then strangling or choking them. Gacy was a successful contractor, was active. In the community, and often dressed up as a clown for parties,.” Bonn states that different factors cause people To become sociopaths and psychopaths, Some researchers think that sociopathy arises.
From childhood abuse and trauma, It is a “learned” behavior arising from Circumstance This is why sociopaths still maintain some Moral conscience, some empathy and some ability to form emotional attachments, although they Are all weak? However, research suggests that psychopathy Has a largely genetic component to it. Bonn notes that psychopathy “is related To a physiological defect that results in the underdevelopment of the part of the brain, Responsible for impulse control and emotions.
”, Another report states that “brain scans Of people with APD have shown low activity in areas related to empathy, morality and Self-Control.”, According to a Psychologia sociopaths, make Up 4 % of the general population, while psychopaths make up about 1 %. However, these percentages are equivalent. To millions of people, so it is quite possible that you might meet a sociopath or psychopath One day Have you ever met a sociopath or psychopath.
What was this person like? Let us know in the comments Also be sure to check out our other article. Called Signs That YOU Are A Genius Thanks for reading and as always don’t Forget to like share and subscribe See you next time.
Retired from the real world after several careers. But thinking back, college was a lot of fun. And researching various topics for debate team was one of my favorite things to do. On this little website I get to research anything that catches my attention. How fun is that! Add in a little commentary and opinion for good measure. And that’s it!